## Problem Solving in Every Lesson

### Using research-based strategies to teach problem solving

#### The Hands-On Difference in Problem-Solving

Students using manipulatives are engaged in problem solving situations every day as they explore and discover the essential underpinnings of mathematical concepts.

#### Steps and Strategies for Problem-Solving

Students develop and apply a five-step problem solving model and discover that a variety of strategies may be used to solve the same problem.

#### 5-Step Problem-Solving Model

1. Read and understand.

2. Find the question and needed facts.

3. Decide on process.

4. Estimate and compare.

5. Solve and check back.

#### Common Problem-Solving Strategies

1. Act it out.

2. Use a model.

3. Draw a picture.

4. Simplify

5. Make a table. Find a pattern.

#### Real-World Problem Solving

Real-world problems are used as the vehicle to introduce lessons. As students write word problems related to a computation, they develop understanding of the structure of a word problem. Understanding the relationship between elements in a word problem is essential to solving the problem.